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Glasgow Museums has a collection of approximately 62,000 geological specimens. These date broadly from 2,800 million years ago in the Precambrian to 12,000 years ago in the Quaternary Period.
This collection comprises fossils, minerals and rocks. The fossil collection is the largest, consisting of around 40,000–50,000 specimens. It includes examples of most fossil animal and plant groups from about 542 million years ago, at the beginning of the Cambrian Period, to about 12,000 years ago in the Quaternary Period. The most significant parts of the fossil collection are the Carboniferous invertebrates from Glasgow and the west of Scotland. There are also large collections of Silurian arthropods, Ordovician and Silurian graptolites, Palaeozoic fish and Quaternary invertebrates. The mineral collection, the basis of which is the Glen collection, contains a wide range of species from all over the world. The rocks are mainly from Scotland and date from the Precambrian to the Quaternary Period. They are represented by a variety of common igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic types.