Egyptian Middle Kingdom
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Glasgow Museums has a collection of artefacts from the Egyptian Middle Kingdom, which date from 2055 to 1650 BC.
This collection contains stone sculptures, including small-scale figurines and fragments of monumental reliefs from temple walls, inscribed stelae and false-doors from tombs. Also from tombs are wooden models of servants and two Nile boats complete with rowers, early examples of stone shabti figures (funerary figurines), earthenware female fertility figurines, offering tables and soul-houses for the deceased and two human-headed Canopic jars. Items of everyday use buried with the dead include stone vases, jars and cosmetic kohl pots, copper mirrors, scarabs, seals, amulets, bracelets, earrings, bead necklaces and ivory wands. Further items from graves include pottery, slate palettes for grinding cosmetics and ink, a multiple earthenware lamp, and even copper needles, linen thread and wooden spindle whorls.
During the Middle Kingdom the Theban kings of the 11th Dynasty reunited Egypt. This classic period of Egyptian art and literature flourished until, during the Second Intermediate Period, Egypt once again fragmented into independent regions and Asiatic settlers from Palestine took control.