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Meiklehill Main coal

Meiklehill Main coal from Gartshore 3/12 Colliery, east of Glasgow

Meiklehill Main coal from Gartshore 3/12 Colliery, east of Glasgow

Coal is formed from thick accumulations of plant matter. This example is from a seam known as the Meiklehill Main Coal which was mined at several pits immediately to the east of Glasgow in the Chryston and Kirkintilloch areas. It was acquired in 1959 together with other material that had been used in an exhibit to mark the centenary of the Geological Society of Glasgow, established in 1858. Coal from the Glasgow area is of Carboniferous Age (359 to 299 million years ago). The Meiklehill Main Coal is part of the Limestone Coal Formation which, along with the Coal Measures, contains most of the valuable seams. It was local coal from seams like this that fuelled the industrial and economic growth of Glasgow.

This coal sample is from Gartshore 3/12 Colliery which ceased production in 1959. Cardowan Colliery, which closed in August 1983, was the last surviving mine in the Glasgow area. Scotland’s last deep mine closed in 2002 and at present all coal is recovered by opencast mining. Garscube Colliery where production stopped in 1966 was the last working mine within the Glasgow City boundary. Old shallow workings from Glasgow’s mining past have left the city with a legacy of subsidence problems.

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